Wednesday, 6 April 2011

Concepts Revision

Concepts of Music
-          High or low
-          Range( distance between the highest and lowest note, whole ensemble or one part)
-          Harmonies, melodies ( steps or leaps)
-          Melodic repetition
-          Tonality ( major, minor, atonal)
-          Dissonant( ugly) or consonant ( pretty)
-          Style
-          Direction of pitch movement
-          Rhythm
-          Repetition (who is using repetition?)
-          Time signature( How many bets per bar? Simple and compound time signatures)
-          Tempo
-          Rhythmic devices (Syncopation- off beat, anacrusis, diminuation, poly rhythms)
-          Long notes ( semibreves, minimums, rests )
-          Short notes (quavers, semiquavers, rests) contrast between these two types of notes.
-          Accents, staccatos and tenutos makes the note values sounds different. ( articulation)
-          Rhythmic patterns ( Ostinatos, cross rhythms, syncopation, Metrical)
Tone Colour:
-          How instruments sound,
-          Ensembles and how they relate together
-          Families ( strings, woodwind, brass, percussion, voices
-          How is the sound made? ( blown-reed, none, string- pluck, bow, hit- mallet)
-          Performing media
-          Subjective descriptions of the overall sound

-          Layers of sound ( monophonic, homophone, polyphonic, heterophonic )
-          The density of the sound ( rich, thick, full, dense, light airy, sparse
-          The change in densities of the sound

-          Unity and contrast
-          Form ( binary , ternary, Rondo, theme and variation, sonata)
-          Diversity or change ( introducing new material, or bring back old material in a new way)
-          Contrast in moods or character of the music
-          Balance within the piece( correct proportion of sound in each musical element
Dynamics and expressive techniques:
-          Volume levels, change in volume, terraced dynamics, accentuation
-          Articulation patterns ( staccato, legato, tenuto)
-          Accentuation
-          Instrumental techniques( glissando etc )
-          Stylistic indications ( e.g. dolce )
-          Articulation patterns

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